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What Causes Gum Disease?

Periodontal Treatment Gilbert, A

If you’ve been looking in the mirror lately, but surprised by what you see, it could be the beginnings of gum disease. Periodontitis is a serious infection of the gums that damages soft tissue and also depletes the underlying bone that holds your teeth in place. Periodontitis can even cause your teeth to loosen or, in extreme cases, to fall out and be lost permanently.

Periodontitis is, sadly, quite common but also preventable in many cases. It usually comes about because of a lack of poor oral hygiene. Brushing your teeth twice a day, flossing once daily and seeing your dentist for regular check-ups can improve your chances of successful periodontitis treatment. In fact, doing these things can greatly reduce your chance of developing this horrible infection. If you are worried you may have gum disease, keep reading.

Symptoms of Gum Disease

Healthy gums are firm to the touch, pale pink in color, and sit tight around the teeth. Signs and symptoms of periodontitis may include:

  • Swollen or puffy gums
  • Receding gums that make teeth look taller
  • New spaces occurring between your teeth
  • Pus developing between your teeth and gums
  • Bad breath
  • Bright red gums
  • Gums that feel tender
  • Loose teeth
  • Pain while chewing
  • Gums that bleed easily

Plaque can lead to gingivitis if left on the teeth too long. Gingivitis is irritation and inflammation of the part of your gum around the base of your teeth. Gingivitis can be reversed with professional treatment and taking care of your teeth daily.

Unfortunately, if you do not treat your teeth, this gum inflammation can cause periodontitis. Pockets can develop between your gums and teeth that fill with plaque, tartar and bacteria. These pockets become deeper and fill with more bacteria as time goes on. If not treated, these deep infections cause a loss of tissue and bone, and ultimately you may lose one or more teeth. Also, ongoing chronic inflammation can put a strain on your immune system.

If you are worried about gum disease, let us help you. Give us a call today at (701) 222-1800 for our Bismarck office or (701) 463-2884 for our Garrison office to schedule a consultation.

Posted in: Periodontal Treatment

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