Periodontics is the area of dentistry that helps to treat conditions and diseases in the teeth and gums. Periodontists commonly treat severe instances of oral inflammation including periodontal and gum disease. At the office of John A. Garza, DDS, patients can receive a diagnosis and treatment for periodontal disease.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is an advanced stage of gum disease that causes an infection of the tissue that surrounds and supports your teeth. The main cause of periodontal disease is the build-up of plaque and bacteria between your teeth and gums. Plaque is a colorless and sticky film that triggers an inflammatory response. This response causes the body to attack itself and when plaque isn’t removed it hardens to cause tartar.
Tartar cannot be removed at home through regular brushing and stays on teeth without proper removal. In the early stages, known as gingivitis, gums may swell and bleed easily. During the more advanced stages, teeth can loosen and fall out. If the disease progress, it can become increasingly painful and difficult to treat.
What can cause Periodontal Disease?
A majority of periodontal disease is the result of a build-up of bacterial plaque over time. As the build-up of plaque occurs, tissue and bone that support the teeth are slowly destroyed. In other cases, those that do not occur from plaque, are caused by hereditary or lifestyle factors. These factors can include:
Symptoms of Periodontal Disease
When periodontal disease is in its early stages there are often no symptoms. However, the gums are being damaged and this can lead to the disease progressing. As time goes on and periodontal disease is left untreated the following symptoms can occur.
- Red, swollen, tender gums
- Persistent bad breath
- Loose or separating teeth
- Pus coming from the gums
- A change in the way the teeth fit together
- A change in the fit of partial dentures
- Gums that bleed easily or have pulled away from the teeth
“I have been a patient with Dr. Garza and his staff for 15 years. Highly recommend. Professional, courteous, thorough, quality work, and friendly.”
Periodontal treatment Options
When Dr. Garza treats periodontal disease he focuses on keeping not only your gums healthy but the bone around your teeth. First, Dr. Garza will confirm the diagnosis by taking a full medical history, using x-rays, and examining for periodontal pockets. After diagnosis, Dr. Garza will determine which treatment is best for you. There are many options for treating periodontal disease. Depending on your unique situation Dr. Garza will choose one of the following to relieve symptoms.
Scaling and root planing
This treatment involves a deep-cleaning that helps to remove bacteria from below the gum line and the root of the tooth.
Dr. Garza may prescribe medications to help fight off infection and reduce the size of the gum pockets.
In the event that the other methods of treatment are unsuccessful, surgery can be used to treat periodontal disease. Depending on the severity of your case, the options for surgery include:
- Flap surgery: The gum tissue is lifted so that Dr. Garza can clean underneath.
- Gum/Bone grafts: This is done to help regenerate any bone or gum tissue that may have been lost or damaged.
how can I prevent Periodontal disease?
In order to prevent periodontal disease from developing or getting worse patients should do the following.
- Floss at least once a day
- Eat a balanced diet
- Avoid smoking
- Schedule regular dental exams with Dr. Garza to have plaque removed