Periodontics is the area of dentistry that helps to treat conditions and diseases in the teeth and gums. Periodontists commonly treat severe instances of oral inflammation including periodontal and gum disease.
What Is Periodontal Treatment?
Periodontal treatment focuses on treating and preventing gum or periodontal disease. Periodontal treatment is about keeping not only your gums healthy but also the bone around your teeth healthy as well. Once a periodontist makes their diagnosis, they will be able to choose which treatment is right for you.
What Is Periodontal Disease?
Periodontal disease is an advanced stage of gum disease that causes an infection of the tissue that surrounds and supports your teeth. The main cause of periodontal disease is the build-up of plaque and bacteria that forms between your teeth and gums. In the early stages (gingivitis), gums may swell and bleed easily; in the more advanced stages, teeth can loosen and fall out. If the disease progress, it can become increasingly painful and difficult to treat.
Periodontal disease treatments
To help treat periodontal disease, there are various procedures that periodontists can perform to help relieve the pain on the gums and surrounding tissue. These treatments can include:
- Scaling and root planing: This involves a deep-cleaning that helps to remove bacteria from below the gum line and the root of the tooth.
- Medication: Periodontists may prescribe medications to help fight off infection and reduce the size of the gum pockets.
- Surgery: In the event that the other methods of treatment are unsuccessful, your periodontist may recommend surgery. Depending on the severity of your case, the options for surgery include:
- Flap surgery: Gum tissue is lifted so that the periodontist can clean underneath.
- Gum/Bone grafts: This is done to help regenerate any bone or gum tissue that my have been lost or damaged.
how can i prevent Periodontal disease?
All things considered, patients can prevent periodontal disease by:
- Thoroughly brushing your teeth at least twice a day
- Flossing at least once a day
- Eating a balanced diet
- Avoiding smoking
- Regular dental exams to have plaque and other substances that have built up on your teeth over time removed